Letter Recognition: How To Help Your Child Learn The Alphabet

by | Oct 5, 2020 | Core Skills

One of the first steps your child will take on their reading journey is learning to recognize letters. Before your young learner can start to sound out words, blend syllables together, or master other early reading foundations, they’ll need letter recognition skills.

Maybe you’re just getting started with letter recognition (or looking for some new ideas) and wondering about the best ways to practice with your child. Good news: Begin is here to help!

Letter Recognition: Beginnings

When helping your child learn to recognize letters, it’s good to remember that all children have unique personalities, which means they have unique learning styles, too. This will help you and your child feel confident with their reading and learning development!

That being said, many children may express an interest in learning the alphabet by age two or three. This can manifest in a few different ways. If they have older siblings, your child may ask for “homework” to do while their siblings do theirs.

Around this age, your child may also notice the people around them reading books that look different than theirs. Instead of pictures, these books have lots of words. Your toddler may want to know how to read those “big” books, too!

Since your child likely isn’t enrolled in any sort of formal schooling yet, their initial interest in reading and letter recognition may be light and casual. This is great! There’s no need to rush into it.

But if you want to expand your child’s letter recognition skills or engage their interest more purposefully, stay tuned for tips on how to help your child learn the alphabet!

Tips For Encouraging Letter Recognition

child learning letter recognition

Prioritizing letter recognition activities that are fun, simple, and engaging for your child is a great way to help them practice consistently and effectively.

There are many ways to introduce the alphabet to your child and help them learn letters or build their alphabetic skills if they’ve already started recognizing letters. Here are some fun and easy ideas you can try from the comfort of your own home!

Read Alphabet Books

Although this technique may seem simple and common, it’s common for a reason — because it’s effective! And, as a bonus, you likely have several alphabet books around your home already.

Repeated exposure to the alphabet sets a strong foundation for your child to develop their letter recognition skills. Starting with the basics is essential to preparing them for more reading activities as they grow and develop.

Once your child is introduced to the basics, they can move on to more advanced beginning reading activities.

Touch And Feel Letters

child playing with play dough

Kids spend all day touching and exploring the world around them. Teaching your child letter sounds can be easier (and more fun for them!) when you engage skills that aren’t just visual or auditory.

Plus, let’s be honest — kids love to get messy! Letting them make a mess with letters offers them a great incentive to learn.

We recommend using anything you have around the house that is malleable enough to turn into letters. Shaving cream, pipe cleaners, PlayDoh, and popsicle sticks are all great options.

Play with your child as they build letters out of these materials (or swipe their fingers through a big pile of shaving cream!). If you want to go mess-free, you can also cut out letters from textured paper (like sandpaper).

Here’s how this method works:

  • First, introduce the letter to your child. Trace or make the letter in whatever material you choose.
  • Next, establish an association for your child. Ask your child to follow along while you draw the letter.
  • Once your child has mastered following along with you, you can engage their recall skills. Draw a letter and ask them which one it is.

This activity might take a bit of time and practice, but don’t worry! You and your child will get there.

Explore Names Together

Session with alphabet learning for letter recognition

This activity can be effective and useful for helping your child learn letter recognition as well as the names of people on their sports teams, in their school classroom, or any other group of people.

If you want to try this with your child, write down a list of the names of the people in the group you’re focusing on. If it’s your first time doing this activity, consider starting with just your child’s immediate family to make it a bit easier.

Print the names on a large sheet of paper in a dark, easily readable color. Then ask your child to identify letters by saying something like, “Which name has an O in it?”

Change up the letter in question until you cover each name, and then help them tally up all of the letters they find!

To amp up the fun, make a game of seeing which letter appears the most times. You can even make bets beforehand (we suggest banking on a vowel). Whoever guesses which letter will appear most often gets a reward!

This activity helps reinforce two ideas to your child: first, it engages their letter recognition skills by exposing them to the alphabet repetitively.

Secondly, it helps them understand that the alphabet is a code made up of symbols (letters). In order to learn how to read, they must learn how to recognize their letters first!

Create A Personalized Set Of Alphabet Cards

letter recognition practice

Similar to alphabet books, alphabet cards are an easy, reliable option to help your child learn letter recognition. And while there are many alphabet cards on the market, it’s way more fun to let your child make their own!

If you want to try this activity with your young learner, all you need are some large index cards (blank sheets of paper will work if you don’t have index cards) and lots of fun, decorative materials and supplies (glitter is our personal favorite)!

Simply have your child write one letter on each card and then color and decorate it. For younger children, you can also write the letter for them and let them spruce it up to their heart’s content!

This activity is amazing because it allows your child to make their learning highly personal and tailored to their specific interests.

By creating their own cards, your child will be able to exert some autonomy and independence over their learning goals. It may help them become even more invested in their journey toward letter recognition!

Fill In The Dots

Small boy reading a book on his bed

One challenge for children when it comes to recognizing letters is understanding what shapes letters are “made” of.

For example, the letter O is often taught as a letter that looks like a circle. Other letters are made up of curves, straight lines, dashes, and all sorts of shapes!

A helpful option for supporting your child’s efforts to recognize their letters is to break down the shapes that make up letters. This is where dot markers (or round stickers) can come in handy!

By utilizing a uniform shape — like a dot — to work through the alphabet, your child can begin to grasp the shape of letters both visually and physically. Understanding how letters are formed can help kids recognize letters more readily.

There are many free downloadable “dot letter” worksheets online that you can use for this exercise. But if you want to create them on your own, simply write out the alphabet in a large script, using empty circles to form the letters.

Your child can then follow along with stickers or dot markers and fill in the empty circles.

Letter Recognition As A Strong Foundation

young girl reading in a fort with dog

At the end of the day, practicing letter recognition with your child is all about setting up a strong, solid foundation they can use to launch the rest of their reading and learning journey!

We hope these suggestions come in handy for helping to develop your child’s letter recognition skills. As your emerging reader learns to recognize letters, remember that every child is unique. What works for one may not work for another.

For those days when you need a little extra help, our online learning center is the perfect place to find safe, personalized, and effective activities for your child. Try our free onboarding quiz to get started!


  • Parents hear so much noise about what matters–it’s hard to know where to begin. That’s where we come in. We are early learning experts & PhDs helping you focus on what matters most for your child.

Begin Learning Team
Parents hear so much noise about what matters–it’s hard to know where to begin. That’s where we come in. We are early learning experts & PhDs helping you focus on what matters most for your child.